The comedy-drama landed prizes for Best Motion Picture, Best Director and Best Editing, while Bradley Cooper and Jennifer Lawrence bagged the top acting accolades at the ceremony in Los Angeles.
Les Miserables was also a big winner - Anne Hathaway was named Best Supporting Actress, and the movie was honoured with the Best Song and Best Sound awards. The musical also scooped the Motion Picture Ensemble special achievement prize.
Javier Bardem walked away with the Best Supporting Actor trophy for his turn as a Bond villain in 007 movie Skyfall, and war drama Zero Dark Thirty landed Best Original Screenplay.
Other winners included Argo (Best Score), Life of Pi (Best Adapted Screenplay, Best Cinematography), Lincoln (Best Art Direction & Production Design) and Flight (Best Visual Effects).
In the TV categories, thriller Homeland landed three top honours - Best Drama Series and Best Actor and Actress for its leads Damian Lewis and Claire Danes. The Big Bang Theory bagged a triple win, while there were also awards for The Walking Dead and Kevin Costner's historical epic Hatfields & McCoys.
British stars Benedict Cumberbatch and Dame Maggie Smith won prizes for their shows Sherlock and Downton Abbey respectively, while another U.K. actor, Terence Stamp, was honoured for his career achievements during the ceremony at the Intercontinental Hotel in Beverly Hills, California.
The awards are handed out annually by the International Press Academy.