By Randy Fabi
SINGAPORE (Reuters) - Hong Kong maritime insurers will not provide full cover to tankers carrying Iranian oil after EU sanctions take effect from July, a senior industry official told Reuters, another blow to Chinese importers struggling to find ways around the measures. As more insurers confirm they will soon halt or sharply reduce coverage to tankers operating in Iran, China's government may need to step in and take the risk to get contracted crude supplies from Tehran, said Arthur Bowring, managing director of the Hong Kong Shipowners Association. China is the top buyer of Iranian crude.
Bowring's comments come days after officials at China's P&I club, which covers more than 1,000 ships, told Reuters the insurer would not extend cover to tankers carrying Iranian oil when the new EU sanctions come into force. "For the liability coverage that we now need, the reinsurance is essential and that comes from the international market, which of course is affected by the sanctions," said Bowring. The association represents shipowners who receive insurance coverage for more than 2,000 ships.
Reinsurance helps spread the risk when the coverage surpasses what commercial insurers can handle. The EU sanctions on Tehran will close off the European re-insurance market for all tankers carrying Iranian oil whether bound for Europe or anywhere else in the world.
"State-provided cover is the only other alternative, but this could also be difficult in a claim situation, especially if the amounts are in U.S. dollars," Bowring added.
Hong Kong insurers have a much more international clientele than their mainland Chinese counterparts, with many European firms in the former British colony.
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FACTBOX-Sanctions imposed on Iran Iran sanctions graphic http://link.reuters.com/qeh85s
A combination of U.S. and European sanctions against Tehran have significantly hindered the ability of Iran's oil customers to continue the financing, purchase and transportation of the OPEC member's crude. Growing pressure by the West has led some Iranian oil buyers to cut imports, but the problem over obtaining maritime insurance could altogether halt shipments to Asian customers. Concerns over the disruption to Iranian oil supplies have helped drive global crude prices by more than 13 percent so far this year to above $122 a barrel.
Although many Asian ship insurers, like China and Japan's P&I clubs, do not fall under the sanctions regime, they are largely dependent on the European reinsurance market to hedge their risk. "Some of our owners have problems with long-term (shipping) contracts that do not expressly exclude the effects of regional sanctions, which puts them in a difficult position of having to trade but not being able to due to a lack of insurance," Bowring said. Japan and South Korea have lobbied for exemptions to the EU sanctions, but insurance and shipping executives say a complete ban now looked likely.
"The one issue that we have highlighted ... is the unfortunate EU sanctions that would remove the possibility of liability insurance for ships carrying Iranian oil," Bowring said. "The effect of this is not on the ownership or carriage of the oil but on innocent third parties who would be affected if one of these ships had an accident and spilled oil. Liability insurance covers liability to third parties and removing this just does not make sense," he added. Protection and indemnity (P&I) clubs, owned by their shipowner customers, were created to cover shipping companies against personal injury or environmental clean-up claims, dauntingly large costs for most commercial insurers. A supertanker, which typically can hold 2 million barrels of crude oil, must have P&I coverage of around $1 billion to operate within most of the world's ports, industry officials said.
The Japan P&I club has said it would cut its cover for tankers carrying Iranian oil from $1 billion to $8 million per ship, which is the highest coverage amount without involving the reinsurance market.
(Editing by Ed Lane)